Spring Flowers

All of the flowers below were photographed during the month of May within Baraga, Ontonagon, and Houghton Counties 

 Bloodroot Bloodroot
Sanguinaria canadensis it is in the papaveraceae {poppy} family

It is called bloodroot for a reddish juice that exudes from the rhizomes when it is broken or cut.

In rich open woods or thickets.  Flowering March to May (chiefly in April)

Bloodroot Flower Bloodroot

Flowers white (pink in one form), solitary, lasting a very short time, 2.3-3.5 cm wide.  Petals 8-12 (more in a rare double form), found in 2 or more rows; sepals 2, soon falling; stamens numerous; pistil 1, the capsule slenderly ellipsoid, 2 cm. or more long, 1-celled, many seeded. 

Common Blue Violet Common Blue Violet
Viola papilionacea

Flowers late March to early June and found in damp woods, thickets, meadows, and on shady lanes. 

 

Common Blue Violet Common Blue Violet

Small, densely, tufted, stemless, glabrous perennial.  Flowers violet or bluish with a white center, the earlier flowers borne above the leaves, solitary on peduncles from the base of the plant.

Common Blue Violet Common Blue Violet
Downy Yellow Violet Downy Yellow Violet
Viola Pubescens

In rich deciduous woods and thickets.  Flowering April and May.

Flowers with dark purplish or blackish veins, about 1-1.5 cm wide, solitary on peduncles from the axils of the leaves, borne either above or below the leaves.

Downy Yellow Violet Downy Yellow Violet
Downy Yellow Violet Downy Yellow Violet
Small White Violet Small White Violet
Viola Pallens

In wet or springy woods or thickets, on slopes and in openings.  Flowering early April to July.

Flowers white, veined with purple, borne above the leaves, solitary on peduncles from the lass, less than 1 cm broad, fragrant.

Small White Violet Small White Violet
Small White Violet Small White Violet
Dandelion Dandelion
Taraxacum Officinale

Abundant in lawns, grasslands, open ground, and disturbed places.  Introduced from Europe.  Flowering April to September.

 

Dandelion Dandelion

Ever present, rosette-forming peerennial 5-50 cm tall from a deep tap root; juice copious, milky.  Heads numerous, opening only in sunshine, bright golden-yellow, 2-5 cm wide, solitary at the ends of the naked, hollow, flowering stalks.

Field of Dandelions Field of Dandelions

The leaves of the dandelions are a well-known early spring green.  They can be served either boiled or raw.  Dandelion wine (made from the blossoms) is a favorite with some people.
 

Dutchman's Britches Dutchman's-Britches
Dicentra Cucullaria

In rich woods. Flowering in April, the plant usually disappearing by June.

Fernlike, stemless perennial 1.2-2.5 dm tall from a cluster of small bulbs.  Flowers nodding in a row on the flowering stem, often fragrant, white or rarely pinkish, tipped with cream or

Dutchman's Brithes Dutchman's-Britches

(cont.) yellow, with 2 conspicuous divergent spurs, resembling inverted, greatly inflated pantaloons.  Petals 4, in 2 pairs, the outer pair longer than the pedicel, the inner pair at right angles and smaller, narrow, the tips enlarged, slightly crested, united to form an arch over the stamens.

Dutchman's Britches Dutchman's-Britches

(cont.) stamens 6, in 2 sets of 3.

Field Pussytoes Field-Pussytoes
Antennaria neglecta and is in Asteraceae (aster) Family  The various species of Antennaria are easily recognized as everlastings

 

Field Pussytoes Field-Pussytoes

Heads small, whitish, several in a compact cyme at the top of the flowering stalk.  Flowers tiny, tubular, the corolla threadlike, styles yellowish or brown.

Field Pussytoes Field-Pussytoes
Forget-Me-Nots Forget-Me-Nots
Myosotis Scorpioides

Along margins of brooks, in quiet water in marshes, or in very moist woods.  Flowering May to September.

 

Forget-Me-Nots Forget-Me-Nots
Myosotis Laxa

In wet, open or partially shaded ground, tamarack swamps, shallow water.  Flowering May to September.

Similar to the above but found with bunches of flowers together.

Forget-Me-Nots Forget-Me-Nots
Marsh Marigolds Marsh Marigolds
Marsh Marigolds Marsh Marigolds
Marsh Marigolds Marsh Marigolds
Spring Beauty Spring Beauty
Claytonia Virginica 
it is in Portulacaceae (purslane)

In rich, rather open woods and thickets, along roads in woods and clearings.  Flowering mid-April to late May.

Spring Beauty Spring Beauty

Flowers pinkish or nearly white, borne on pidicels in loose terminal racemes with an herbaceous bract at the base of the lowest pedicel.  Petals 5, pinkish or white with rose to dark pink veins.

Spring Beauty Spring Beauty
Star Flower Star Flower
Trientalis borealis

In moist woodlands, and thickets, on peaty slopes, and in bogs.  Flowering May to late July.

Flowers white, 8-14 mm wide, 1-4 on very slender, wiry peduncles from the axils of the leaves at the top of the stem.

Star Flower Star Flower

(cont)  Corolla flat, starshaped, cut almost or quite to the base, the lobes, usually 7 (5-9), oblong, and pointed.

Star Flower Star Flower
Trillium, White Trillium Large-Flowered Trillium -White Lily
Trillium Grandiflorum - PROTECTED

In rich woods and thickets, especially in ravines and on upland slopes.  Flowering April to June.

Flowers white, often fading to pink or rose, showy, 5-7.5 cm broad, solitary and erect, or nearly so, at the end of the 5-15 cm long peduncle.

Trillium, White Trillium Trillium -White

(cont) Petals oblong, 4-7.5cm long, 1-3.5 cm wide, erect at base, spreading toward tip; sepals 3, green, lanceolate, spreading shorter than the petals, spreading, shorter than the petals; stamens t, the anthers pale yellow, the filaments stout, shorter than the anthers;

Trillium, Pink Trillium Trillium - Pink
Trillium, Pink Trillium Trillium - Pink
Trillium, Pink Trillium Trillium - Pink
Trout Lily, Yellow Dog's Tooth Violet, Yellow Adder's Tongue Trout Lily, Yellow Adder's Tongue, Yellow Fawn Lily, Yellow Dog's-Tooth Violet
Erythronium americanum

In rich woods, thickets, bottomlands, and meadows; usually in extensive colonies.  Flowering late March to June.

Trout Lily, Yellow Dog's Tooth Violet, Yellow Adder's Tongue Trout Lily

This attractive woodland flower often carpets open woods in early spring.  Because the underground shoots produce numerous new bulbs, extensive colonies are formed.

Native Americans steeped the leaves to make an infusion used for stomach distress.

Trout Lily, Yellow Dog's Tooth Violet, Yellow Adder's Tongue Trout Lily

Flower lily like, yellow, 1.8-4 cm long, solitary and nodding at the end of the flowering stem.  Perianth of 6 spreading separate divisions in 2 rows, the 3 inner divisions with small projections at the base, pale yellow within and often spotted near the base.  Stamens 6/

Wild Yellow Iris Wild Yellow Iris
Iris Pseudacrous

A European species which is common along streams in the east, is now found in a few localities in Michigan.  This is a somewhat larger plant with very showy yellow flowers.  Other cultivated species sometimes appear to grow wild.

Wild Yellow Iris Wild Yellow Iris
Wild Yellow Iris Wild Yellow Iris
Wild Strawberry Wild Strawberry
Fragaria Virginiana

In fields, along roadsides, on open slopes, and in thin woods.  Flowering April to June.  Fruits ripe in early summer.

It is probably our best-known and most delicious wild fruit.

Wild Strawberry Wild Strawberry

Flowers white, in loose, few flowered cymes.  Petals 5, obovate or obcordate, inserted on the calyx; calytx deeply cleft into 5 ovate hairy lobes and with a smaller bract in each sinus; stamens numbers, inserted on the calyx; pistils many, on a rounded, somewhat hairy receptacle.

Wood Anemone Wood Anenome
Anemone quinquefolia, this is in the Ranunculaceae (buttercup) family
Wood Anemone Wood Anenome

A native perennial which grows in abundance in large patches, sometimes in fairly windy locations. This ability to grow on top of the mountain and nod in the wind may account for its alternative name - Windflower.

Wood Anemone Wood Anenome

Its delicate-looking petals are usually white with lilac streaks, but it can appear pink also.
Winter Cress Common winter-cress 
Barbarea vulgaris

Plant 8-32", hairless. Basal leaves violin-shape with 2-8 lobes, terminal lobe large, oval or round; stem leaves reduced, clasping ,flower crowed on racemes, 1/2'. Fruit ascending , 1 1/2 -2 1/2. Found in wet meadows , damp fields, roadsides, gardens.

Winter Cress Common winter-cress
Winter Cress Common winter-cress